How does a dental implant integrate?

A dental implant is an artificial root that is used to replace a natural tooth root that has been lost.  Dental implants are made of titanium.  Titanium is a natural element with non-reactive properties.  That is, it causes very little, if any immune response in the body. 


Titanium does have a unique property, it attracts bone cells.  When a titanium dental implant is inserted, it undergoes a process known as osseointegration.  In this process, bone cells fuse to the implant and secure it firmly in the jaw bone.


This process of osseointegration takes several weeks.  Therefore, it is important to allow the body this time to create a strong anchor on the implant before loading it with an artificial dental crown.  Just like glue needs time to set, if a crown is placed on an implant to early, it can lose its grip and fall out.


To test the strength of the integration of the implant into the bone, an Implant Stability Quotient (ISQ) value can be calculated by your periodontist.  If your ISQ value falls within a specific range, it is safe to proceed with the final stage of your implant process, fabrication of an artificial dental crown.

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