Sudden Tooth Pain? Here’s What Might Be Causing It

Sudden tooth pain can hit you like a bolt of lightning, catching you off guard in the middle of your day. The pain, be it a subtle aching or a quick, searing agony, can be quite upsetting. Finding the correct care for this unexpected anguish depends on understanding the possible reasons for it. 

The most plausible causes are that you have developed dental sensitivity or that you have an infection or crack in one of your teeth. The good news is that your dentist can simply treat the majority of reasons for acute soreness in your teeth.

  • Tooth Decay: Dental decay is typically the most prevalent and underappreciated cause of acute dental discomfort. Even with diligent brushing and flossing, there are microscopic voids that may retain germs, which can cause tooth enamel to gradually deteriorate. There will be an abrupt and excruciating pain when this decay gets to the pulp of your tooth, which is rich in nerves.
  • Dental Infections: Severe pain may result from an infection in the gums or teeth. Intense and enduring pain may arise from inflammation and the formation of an abscess brought on by bacterial invasion of the pulp or root canal. In order to stop the infection from spreading and to relieve discomfort, dental infections often need to be treated right away by a dentist.
  • Periodontal Diseases: Gingivitis and periodontitis are two conditions that can cause acute tooth discomfort. Gum recession, which exposes the delicate root surfaces and causes pain, can be brought on by bacterial accumulation-induced gum inflammation. Gum disease may be prevented and managed with proper dental care, which includes frequent brushing, flossing, and professional cleanings.
  • Tooth Fractures and Cracks: These can be caused by trauma, disease, or even biting down on hard things. When biting or putting pressure on the impacted tooth, these fissures—which may not always be immediately apparent—can produce severe, sporadic pain. Seeking immediate dental care is vital to avoid further damage and reduce discomfort.
  • Bruxism or Teeth Grinding: Teeth clenching and grinding, which frequently occurs unintentionally while you sleep, can wear down your teeth and produce sensitivity and unexpected discomfort. Constant strain on the jaw muscles and teeth can cause discomfort that may appear out of the blue. In order to relieve discomfort caused by bruxism, a dentist could suggest a mouthguard or additional therapies.
  • Sinus Infections: Unexpectedly, dental discomfort can sometimes result from sinus infections. Referred pain, in which pain from sinus pressure is felt in the teeth and jaw, might result from the sinus cavities’ near closeness to the upper teeth. The related tooth discomfort is frequently relieved by treating the sinus infection.
  • Wisdom Tooth Eruption: Sudden, excruciating pain may be experienced when wisdom teeth erupt or are positioned incorrectly. Wisdom teeth that are partially or fully erupted can cause pain and swelling by pressing on neighbouring teeth or becoming trapped in the jawbone. It may be important to get an extraction to stop the discomfort and avoid other issues.
  • Temperature Sensitivity: Eating or drinking hot or cold foods or beverages can occasionally cause an abrupt increase in tooth discomfort. This sensation may be a sign of several dental problems, such as problems with dental treatment, receding gums, or eroded enamel. Toothpaste that desensitizes or dental procedures can frequently alleviate this soreness.

When to Visit a Dentist

Tooth pain can cause great discomfort and disturbance. It’s critical to understand when to consult a dentist for expert assistance. While some minor toothaches could go away on their own, others might be a sign of a more serious problem that needs to be addressed right away.

Tooth discomfort that doesn’t go away or becomes worse is one typical indicator that you should visit a dentist. Make an appointment if your toothache persists for longer than a day or two and doesn’t seem to be getting better. Ignoring the discomfort might eventually result in further issues.

Mouth or facial swelling is another sign that you should visit the dentist. Infections can cause swelling, which should be treated right away to stop the infection from spreading and perhaps causing harm.

It might also be a good idea to see a dentist if you are sensitive to hot or cold meals and beverages. There are a few possible causes of this sensitivity, including gum recession and enamel degradation.

Do not hesitate to seek professional assistance if you see any changes in the look of your teeth or gums, including discolouration, bleeding, or sores. These concerns may indicate deeper issues that need to be addressed.


Although unexpected tooth discomfort can be somewhat depressing, there are a number of explanations and solutions for the problem. To accurately evaluate the cause of your discomfort and choose the best course of action, be sure to consult with a dental professional.

Many of these probable reasons for sudden tooth pain may be avoided by maintaining basic oral hygiene practices, such as brushing and flossing on a regular basis and getting regular dental check-ups and cleanings too. If you have acute or persistent tooth pain, don’t wait. Virtually all forms of tooth pain may be effectively diagnosed and treated by the dental health experts at Dr. Peter C. Fritz Periodontal Wellness & Implant Surgery, and we are here to assist you with these agonizing issues. Get in touch with us today!

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